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新视野大学英语第二册答案(读写教程)

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发表于 2014-3-10 21:59:58 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式


Unit 1
Section A

III

1.charge 2. convention 3. efficient  4. obtain 5. competent 6. assessing 7.fulfill

8.conducting consequently

10.significance

IV

1behind 2. at  3. in 4. out 5. to 6.to 7. in 8. with 9. but 10.for

V.

1. L 2. C 3. D 4. N 5. O 6.A 7.E 8.G 9.I 10.K

Word Building

VI

1.commitment 2. attraction 3. appointment 4. impression

5. civilization 6. composition 7. confusion 8.congratulation

9. consideration 10. explanation 11. acquisition 12.depression

VII.

desirable  favorable   considerable   acceptable

drinkable  advisable   remarkable preferable

1.advisable  2. desirable 3. favorable  4. considerable 5. remarkable6. preferable 7. drinkable 8. acceptable

Structure

VIII

1.much less can he write English articles

2.much less can he manage a big company

3.much less could he carry it upstairs

4.much less have I spoken to him

5.much less to read a lot outside of it

IX

1.Having meals at home can cost as little as two or three dollars, whereas eatingout at a restaurant is always more expensive.

2. Wethought she was rather proud, whereas in fact she was just very shy.

3. Wehave never done anything for them, whereas they have done so much for us.

4.Natalie prefers to stay for another week, whereas her husband prefers to leaveimmediately.

5.Some praise him highly, whereas others put him down severely

Translation

X.

1. Shewouldn’t take a drink, much less would she stay for dinner.

2. Hethought I was lying to him, whereas I was telling the truth.

3. Howdo you account for the fact that you have been late every day this week?

4. Theincrease in their profits is due partly to their new market strategy.

5.Such measures are likely to result in the improvement of work efficiency.

6. Wehave already poured a lot of time and energy into the project, so we have tocarry on.

XI

1. 我认为他不会抢劫,更不用说暴力抢劫了。

2. 男工平均工资每小时10美元,而女工才每小时7美元。

3. 自然界的平衡一旦遭到破坏,就会带来很多不可预知的影响。

4. 期终考试迫在眉睫,你最好多花点时间看书。

5. 有趣的是,消费者发现越来越难以辨别某些品牌的原产国。其部分原因来自于全球化带来的影响,部分原因是由于产地的变化。

6. 最近一次调查表明,妇女占总劳动力的40%

Cloze

1.C 2.B 3.B 4.A 5.D 6.B 7.C 8.D 9.A 10.C

11.D12.C 13.C 14.B 15.A

Section B.

Comprehensionof the Text

II.

1.D 2.A 3.C 4.D 5.A 6.C 7.B 8.B

Vocabulary

III.

1.utilize 2. reject 3. considerable 4. temporary 5.acceptable

6.recognition 7. alleviate 8. appreciate 9. furthermore 10. interact

IV.

1.interact with 2. gone through 3. deal with 4. recovered from

5.adjusting to 6. familiar to  7. In spite of 8. were tired of

9.prevented from 10. came to

Unit 2
Section A

III.

1. promising 2. amusing 3. lowered 4.persisted 5. rank

6. swear 7. unfair 8. presence 9.frowning 10. approximately

IV.

1. on 2. upon 3. on 4. in 5.by 6. to 7. in  8. of 9. on 10. out

V.1.O 2.K 3.D 4.H 5.J 6.E 7.M 8.G 9.B 10.A

Word Building

VI.

1. observe—observer: one who observes a person or an event

2. ski—skier: one who skis

3. visit—visitor: one who visits somebody or some place

4. learn—learner: one who learns something

5. report—reporter: one who reports on persons or eventsfor a newspaper

6. drink—drinker: one who often drinks alcohol, esp, toomuch

VII.

Tropical global dangerous central environmentaloccasional musical natural

1. tropical 2. musical 3. occasional 4.environmental

5. global 6. dangerous 7. natural 8.central

Sentence Structure

VIII.

1. they didn’t lose heart despite lots of frustration.

2. Despite the heavy rain, the boys played football inthe yard all afternoon.

3. I will try my best despite the slim chances ofsuccess.

4. Despite a thorough search for the escaped prisoner inthe mountain, no sign of him was found.

5. Despite their increased income, their life becamepoorer because of the rising prices.

IX.

1. nor do I think it necessary to do so

2. nor would they go to my sister’s

3. nor do we have her telephone number

4. Nor would I like to go to work immediately

5. now would I

Translation

X.

1. Despite the fact that she is the only child in hefamily, she is never abide by her parents.

2. Mike didn’t come to the party last night, nor did hecall me to give an explanation.

3. The person sitting next to him did publish some novels,but he is by no means a great writer.

4. He has no interest in football and is indifferent towho wins or loses.

5. The manager needs an assistant that he can count on totake care of problems in his absence.

6. This is the first time that he has made a speech inthe presence of so large an audience.

XI.

1. 尽管那项计划一开始就证明是不切实际的,但是他们还是坚持要实施。

2. 我无法说服他接受这项计划,也无法使他认识到这项计划的重要性。

3. 你是怎么把那么多东西塞进这个小行李箱的?

4. 别人对他怎么看,他全不在意。

5. 我能否指出你犯了个小错误。

6. 他母亲让他开车慢一点儿,但是他从不把她的话放在心上。

Cloze

XII.

1.B 2.D 3.B 4.C 5.B 6.C 7.A 8.A 9.B 10.D 11.B 12.D 13.B14.C 15.D

Section B

I.1.D 2.A 3.A 4.C 5.B

II.1.D 2.B 3.C 4.D 5.A 6.C 7.A 8.B

III.

1. sake 2. sacrificed 3. crack 4.pursuing 5. explosive

6. overcome 7. indicated 8. opponents 9.stripped 10. denied

IV.

1. Natasha made herself stand out in the group interviewby acting as the leader in her group.

2. To be successful, you need a careful plan, good luck,help at the right time, and above all, hard work.

3. They are not doing this to gain recognition or money;they are doing this for the sake of society.

4. It was actually what he said rather than what he didthat made me sad.

5. Once my mother sets her mind on something, it will bevery hard to stop her.

6. Years of research had set the stage for their successin their field.

7. Local people are used to the phenomenon, so they arenot surprised at all.

8. Today at this meeting we are going to focus on thequestion of air pollution.

9. He never expected that his best friend would chargehim with cheating in the exam.

10. His parents were so strict with him in his studiesthat he had little time to participate in any activities outside of class.

Unit 3
III.

1.mutual 2. illusion 3. cancelled   4. overlooked    5.proceeded 6. resolve 7. prejudice 8. compromise 9. confirm 10.subsequently

IV.

1. have nothing to do with 2. taking care of 3. metwith 4. on the surface 5. work out 6. incompatible with 7. ups anddowns   8. learned of 9. indication of  10. all along

V.  1.M 2.L  3.F  4.D  5.H   6.O  7.A   8.C  9.I   10.K

VI.

1.shopping   2. feeling    3. storage   4. cooking   5. ending   6. beginning   7.gathering   8. removal 9. arrival   10. passage  11. writing   12. marriage

VII.

1.relationship   2. citizenship    3.leadership   4. membership    5. boyhood  6. livelihood 7. brotherhood   8. authorship   9.adulthood    10. neighborhood   11. wisdom 12.ownership

Sentence structure

VIII.

1. Itis never too bad(for us) to do something about the situation.

2. Oneis never too old to learn.

3. Itis never too late (for you) to put a stop to this madness.

4. Itis never too late (for you) to mend your ways.

5. Hisincome was never too small to support his family.

IX.

1. Mybest friend, Anna, was here last night.

2. Thecompany manager, Mr. Madison, gathered his staff and announced the decision.

3. Youshould have seen an ophthalmologist, an eye doctor.

4. Hesent for the accountant, the most experienced person in accounting.

5."Leaveit to me," said David, the man on night duty.

X.

1. Youare never too experienced to learn newtechniques.(肯定句)

2.There remains one problem, namely, who should be sent to head the researchthere.

3.Their relationship did meet withsome difficulty at the beginning because of cultural differences.

4.Though he has had ups and downs, Ibelieved all along that he would succeed someday.

5. I have some reservations about the truthof your claim.

6. Sheisn't particularly tall, but her slim figure gives anillusion of height.

XI.

1. 应尽早告知年轻人:必须认真对待法律。

2. 他现在面临一个重要决定,这个决定可能会影响他的整个前程。

3. 即使在情况最糟糕的时候,你也必须保持镇静和信心。

4. 人际关系的成功与否与双方相处是否融洽以及交流是否顺畅有很大关系。

5. 他受到袭击,身受重伤,随后不治而亡。

6. 他的举止至少在表面上像个正常人。

Cloze

XII.

1.A  2.C   3.B    4.B   5.C   

6.B   7.C    8.D   9.C   10.D

11.B 12.A  13.D  14.C  15.D

Section B

I.

1. F   2.F   3.O 4.F  5.O   6.O   7.O   8.F   9.O  10.F

II.

1.C  2.A  3.D   4.C  5.B  6.B  7.A  8.D

III.

1.arrange  2.criticism   3.innocent  4.criticizing   5.miserable

6.modest   7.compelled   8.somehow   9.anticipate   10.birlliant

IV.

1.on  2.from...to   3.off   4.with   5.away   

6.about7.over 8.On   9.Concerning  10.to

Unit4
Section A:

III.

1. forbids   2.identical   

3. objection   

4. warmth   5. volunteers

6. overseas  7. declined 8.resisted

9. fancy  10. decrease/decline

IV.

1.without fail   2. volunteer for    3. as longas   4. right away

5. morethan   6. am thankful...for  7. wrote back  8.forbidden from

9.vanished into   10. was free to

V.

1.O 2.J  3.G  4.H  5.L  6.A  7.E  8.B  9.C 10.N

VI.

1.sadness    2. weakness   3.carelessness     4. illness

5.darkness   6. kindness   7. laziness        8. nervousness

VII.

1.noisy  2. wealthy 3. sunny  4. lucky

5.tasty  6. healthy 7. angry  8. icy

VIII.

1. It is necessary for the manager tofinish the whole task before leaving for a holiday.

2. Itis a shame to take so much money for doing so little.

3. Itis our responsibility to help people around us who are in trouble.

4. Itis a surprise for us all to realize he has been cheating us.

5. Itis pleasant for the mother to see her daughter growing into a young lady.

IX.

1. aslong as she got her father's agreement

2. Aslong as you set a goal for yourself

3. Aslong as she covers all the expenses herself

4. aslong as she does her job well

5. Aslong as you never lose heart

X.

1. Itis a great pleasure to meet friends from afar.

2. Itdoesn't matter whether the cat is black or white as long as it catches mice.

3. Youmust let me have the money back by ten o'clock tomorrow morning without fail.

4.Allow me to take part in this project: I am more than a little interested init.

5.Everyone knows that he is special: He is free to come and go as he pleases.

6. Watchingthe unhappy look on her face, I felt as though she wished to saysomething to me.

XI.

1. 现如今,仅仅受过中等教育的人要想找份好工作越来越难了。

2. 留得青山在,不怕没柴烧。

3. 如果你对所购物品不满意,我们将很乐意退款。

4. 我们对这块伟大的美丽的土地心怀感激之情,多年来它迎接了众多的人来这里的海滩游览。

5. 让老师吃惊的是,没人自愿当班长。

6. 那条狗忠心耿耿地继续在火车站等待主人,直到两年后死去。

Cloze

XII.

1.B  2.C   3.A    4.D    5.B  6.A   7.D   8.D   9.C 10.A 11.A  12.B   13.D 14.C   15.C

Section B:

I.

1. Iam almost dead.

2. Iam moving across the landscape.

3. Ihave achieved a modest amount of prosperity.

4. Afriend convinces me to go on a blind date with a lady friend of his.

5.Roma gets a faraway look in her eyes.

Comprehension of the Text

II.

1.D  2.A  3.C   4.A   5.B   6.B  7.C   8.A

Vocabulary

III.

1.insurance    2. descended    3.precision   4. trace   5. stain

6.specify   7. accustomed 8. embraced   9.knelt   10. prosperity

IV.

1. TheRockefeller family achieved a huge amount of prosperity in the oil business.

2.What all workers have in common is expecting better working conditions.

3. Youdon't know what his feelings will be, as they change from day to day.

4.This is generally a warm place, but we do get freezing weather on occasion.

5.Every year at Christmas drunk driving takes its toll on the joyful atmosphere.

6.Many people still cling to the hope that one day there will be peace betweenthe two countries.

7. Hewas so angry that he lost control.

8. Theclimate in Alaska is a far cry from that of Florida.

9. Howon earth did she manage to pass the test?

10.His career as a teacher came to an end when he broke his leg, but he continuedto write textbooks for students.

Unit 5  
  SectionA:

III.

1.hardened   2. shelter   3. slim   

4. weaken  5. Literally

6.noticeable   7. bunch 8. drag

9.grateful   10. hooked


IV.

1. leanedon   2. close at hand   3. die of   4. arestarved of   5. coupled with  6. is directed...at   7.are...dressed in    8. grateful to 9. struggling to 10. a bunchof

V.

1.J   2.G  3.K   4.M   5.E  6.O   7.D  8.H 9.A   10.C

Word Building

VI.

1. Under the pleasant situation the property prices arejust beginning to harden again.

2. In the past few years, these inside conflicts haveweakened the government's position.

3. Every Sunday the father takes his child to libraries,museums, exhibitions or natural parks, as he believes that this helps tobroaden the child's mind.

4. The days are lengthening as summer approaches.

5. As she was waiting for the result to come out, herexcitement heightened.

6. The taking on of a new secretary lightened hisworkload considerably.

7. As he listened to his assistant reporting on theprogress of the project, the manager's face darkened with anger.

8. Before night fell, the setting sun reddened theclouds.

VII.

1. arrival 2. expectations   3.understandable   4. Visitors 5. freedom   6. profitable 7.lucky 8. gathering

Sentence structure

VIII.

1. John went to the cinema with his brother, which surprised me.

2. The boy broke the window, for which he was criticized by the teacher.

3. He tore up my photo, by which I was angered very much.

4. It was raining hard, for which the team stayedindoors.

5. Connie changed her mind for the second time, whichcame as no surprise to us.

IX.

1. The teacher spoke so quietly that thestudents could hardly hear her.

2. The lecture was so boring that many listenersfell asleep.

3. The student has so many books that he doesnot know what to do with them.

4. The old man was so ill that his neighbors hadto send for a doctor.

5. Her remarks are so funny that everyone

laughs to tears.

X.

1. He spoke confidently, which impressed me most.

2. My father is so forgetful that he is always lookingfor his keys.

3. I'm very grateful toyou for all the help you have givenme.

4. The bad light, coupledwith the wet ground, made driving very difficult.

5. Beingstarved of funds, they had to canceltheir plan to start a business.

6. They always lean on us whenever they are in trouble.

XI.

1. 飞机可能会晚点几个小时,要是那样,我们等着就没有什么意义了。

2. 乔治常常说谎,因此当他说他考试得了高分时没人相信他。

3. 除了附近位于十字路口的那家小工厂,一切都静悄悄的。

4. 缺少睡眠的人会感到很难集中心思干活。

5. 我安排人去机场接克拉克先生,然后带他去宾馆。

6. 一到达山顶,游客们都高兴地大叫起来。

Cloze

XII.

1.C   2.C  3.B  4.A  5.B 6.D  7.A  8.D   9.C  10.B

11.D  12.A  13.A  14.D  15.C

Section B:

I.

1. giving them many material possessions

2. change continually and frequently

3. a sudden, uncontrollable feeling of regret

4. makes(the parent-child relationship) go wrong;taking(some of the happiness and mutual respect) away from (parents and theirchildren)

5. start a new course of improved behavior

Comprehension of the Text

II.

1.A  2.C   3.D   4.D  5.A  6.B   7.B   8.C

Vocabulary

III.

1. assigned  2. compensate  3. prompt  4.manner   5. tendency

6. undermined 7. submit   8.inferred   9. fluctuates   10. responded

IV.

1. Jean wrote the speaker's address down in her notebookfor fear that she might forget it.

2. Passengers must show their tickets on demand.

3. Officials are bound to investigate any possiblecorruption.

4. I took it for granted that you would come with us, soI bought you a ticket.

5. She has been selfish all the time, but she haspromised to turn over a new leaf and become more loving toward others.

6. People in this region have pined for a peaceful lifesince the religious war broke out three decades ago.

7. Poor health had made it difficult for Jim to hold downa job for more than a year.

8. Betty gets very depressed at times because of thepressure of her work.

9. The boys at my school used to make fun of me because Ihave a flat nose.

10. Jenny kept begging me for a new bicycle, and Ifinally gave in.

Unit 6
III.

1. confessed 2. reserve 3. professional

4. impressive    5. latter 6. convey

7. qualify    8. refined   

9. substitute    10. approval

IV.

1. Correct form: fill out; synonym: fill in

2. Correct form: feel comfortable with; synonym:feel comfortable about

3. Correct form: attach first importance to;translation: 非常重视;把……放在第一位

4. Correct form: turned down; synonym: rejected;refused

5. Correct form: came (up) to; definition: movedtoward

6. Correct form: pressing me for; definition: try ina determined way to get something.

7. Correct form: free from/of; definition: notinfluenced by

8. Correct form: stuck with; translation: 不得不接待;被迫接待

9. Correct form: for better or worse; definition:whether the result is good or bad

10. Correct form: took charge of; synonym: tookresponsibility for

V.

1. M 2. K 3. L 4. F 5. I 6. C 7.H 8. O 9. E 10. B

Word Building

VI.

illegal   impolite  irregular impatient  incapable

irresponsible   inconsistentinappropriate   incorrect   indefinite

1. impatient   2. irresponsible   3.inconsistent   4. illegal   5. inappropriate 6.incapable   7. irregular   8. impolite 9. incorrect 10.indefinite

VII.

unnoticeable   unreasonable ungrateful unlimited uncertain uncover unrecognizable   unfashionable undo  untidy  unfold  unload

1. unreasonable   2. unfolded   3.uncertain   4. uncovered 5. ungrateful     6. unloading 7. unlimited  8.undid

Sentence structure

VIII.

1. so is air to man

2. so is the eagle of all birds

3. so is beer to the British

4. so is tea to the Chinese

5. so do the English love their beer

IX.

1. While waiting at the doctor’s, I read an entireshort story.

2. After using the brush, put it in its properplace.

3. Before being in the army, he was an engineer.

4. I deliberately didn’t read the book before goingto see the film.

5. When buying a new car, it is best to seek expertadvice.

Translation

X.

1. (Just) as a machine needs regular running, so does thebody need regular exercise.

2. He learned to play the piano while studying in the United States.

3. To our disappointment, he turned down our invitation.

4. The reality is that, for better or worse, the worldhas changed with advance of new technologies.

5. Most of the female students in my class appear to beill at ease when (they are) required to answer questions.

6. The local government took charge of the security forthe sports meeting.

XI.

1. 足球之于意大利人,就像乒乓球之于中国人。

2. 教师没急着要班里同学现在作决定,而是要他们仔细考虑后再下决心。

3. 我不知道那是什么饮料,我喝了那么多;结果那些小伙子只能送我回家,因为我有点醉了。

4. 在中国北方,三月份往往多风。

5. 尽管如此,政府已经同意总支出增加6.2%

6. 信息被定义为通过陈述事实向大脑传达的知识,它可以有多种形式。

Cloze

XII.

1. C 2. A 3. B 4. B 5. D 6. B 7.A 8. C 9. D 10. C

11. C 12. B 13. A 14. A 15. A

Section B

Comprehension of the Text

II.

1. F 2. F 3. T 4. T 5. F 6. T7. T 8. F

Vocabulary

III.

1. tidy   2. prevail   3.emotional   4. imitating   5. discourage

6. bargain 7. wander   8.superficial   9. concealed 10. accompanies

IV.

1. turned out 2. is not really up to 3. went togreat lengths 4. acting out 5. spoke of 6. Judging by 7. out ofcharacter 8. took sides 9. blow his cover 10. more or less

Unit 7
Section A  

III.

1.react    2.tense  3.recommended    4.destructive     5.perceive

6.emphasis 7.stirred   8.priority    9.attributed    10. stimulate

IV.

1. blow his top  2. Among other things 3. takecharge of 4. put emphasis on 5. is attributed to  6. from myviewpoint 7. substituted low-fat oil for butter 8.cut down on 9. keep youraudience in mind     10. out of control

V.

1.N   2.E  3.G   4.J   5.I   6.A   7.C  8.L   9.D   10.O

Word Building

VI.

1.endless    2.thoughtful    3. harmful    4. restless5.beautiful 6.successful    7.fearless   8.joyful

VII.

realize   privatize     characterize    socialize

nationalize   economize    normalize   criticize

1.nationalized 2.criticized  3.normalized   4.economize

5.realized      6.socializing 7.privatized  8.characterizes

Sentence structure

VIII.

1. When you are studying abroad, misunderstandings canresult from cultural differences, among other things.

2. Online learning requires, among other things,commitment and discipline to keep up with the flow of the course.

3. The research work was severely criticized for its poormanagement, among other things.

4. They discussed, among other things, the future of theoil industry.

5. The article shows, among other things, the negativeeffects of generation gap between parents and children.

IX.

1. The more often I practice, the better I play.

2. The higher we got up in the air, the colder it became.

3. The more carbon the steel contains and the quicker thecooling is, the harder the steel becomes.

4. The more I thought about his suggestion, the moredoubtful I became.

5. The more he eats, the fatter he becomes.

Translation

X.

1. At the meeting they discussed, among other things, thepresent economic situation.

2. The more I learned about the nature, the more absorbedI became in its mystery.

3. The doctor recommends that those stressed peopleshould try something new, interesting and challenging in order to give theirnegative feelings an outlet.

4. The teacher gives more homework to the student who hasbad grades instead of cutting it down.

5. By contrast, American parents are more likely toattribute their children's success to natural talent.

6. One of a teacher's priorities is to stimulatestudents' interests and their creativity.

XI.

1. 除了其他内容,他的研究还牵涉到发展中国家与爱滋病的斗争。

2. 这些人明白了他们的服务越好,他们就挣得越多。

3. 尽管父亲似乎忧虑不安,但苏珊感觉不到他在表情或行动上有什么变化。

4. 能获得多少经济资助已成为学生选择上哪所学校的更重要的因素。

5. 她已经减少了外出和买衣服的花费,但她还是没钱开始还债。

6. 控制压力的方法之一是认识到生活中有很多事情是我们无法掌控的。

CLOZE

XII.

1.D 2.A 3.D 4.C 5.D 6.B 7.B 8.C 9.B 10.B 11.D 12.B 13.C14.C 15.B

Section B

II.  1. F  2.F  3.T  4.F  5.T   6.F 7.F   8.T

III.

1.constant   2.ambition  3.consequence   4.evident   5. summarize

6.welfare 7.schedule   8.attaining  9.loyal  10.indispensable

IV.

1. There isn't anything to do other than wait to see whatwill happen.

2. Although Bill was going to the movies, he told Joe tothe contrary.

3. I wonder who it was that defined man as a rationalanimal.

4. Traveling in that country isn't necessarily expensive;you can find reasonably priced hotels and restaurants.

5. Janet tends to get angry if you bother her.

6. I would rather walk there than go by bus.

7. She was held for twenty days and at times she fearedfor her life.

8. He's been burning the midnight oil for a week now,getting ready for finals.

9. For many people the only possible way to escape frompoverty is to move to other countries.

10. Born in Milan,he dropped out of university to devote himself to music.

Unit 8
Section A

III.

1. render 2. contribution

3. popular 4.institutions

5.enrolled

6. diverse

7. accumulated

8. distinguish

9. puzzling

10. confine

IV.

1. His past record is certainly something he is proud of.                  

2. The members of the committee, after a two-hourdiscussion, finally arrivedat a solution.

3. If we want to arrive there in time, we have to travelby day as well asbynight.            

4. I was shocked when I read of his death in a newspaper.

5. Accordingto the police, the young man was arrested at the scene of the robbery.

6. There is nothingmore frustrating than spending hours searching for information, only to discover theinformation useless.

7. It is unnecessary to worry a lot. In fact, things willget better in the longrun.

8. My smile was meant to show interest in this trip, but Carla was far too intelligentto believe it showed anything of the sort.

9. The number of students who want to be enrolled inengineering courses is wayup.     

10. The little girl is so fond ofher dog that she gives it a piece ofchocolate every day.

V.

1. A   2. D  3. M   4. N   5. E   6. J   7.C   8. L   9. G   10. H

Word Building

VI.

1. weekly   2. attractive    3.worldly    4. costly     5. secondary

6. leisurely 7. earthly 8. customary 9.protective   10. progressive

11. sickly   12. momentary 13. manly 14. orderly

VII.

1. backward(s) 2. strangely   3. outward(s) 4. unfortunately

5. homeward(s) 6. originally 7. sadly 8.inward(s)

Sentence structure

VIII.

1. On no accountwill they give upthe plan.

2. Little does he know much hisparents love him.

3. Not until heread the report didhe realize what a serious mistake he had made.

4. Hardly could the poor old manfall asleep with a pain in his leg.

5. Under noconditions willwe give in to their demands.

IX.

1. While I agree it is a tough problem, I don’t think itcannot be solved.

2. While Sara cannot come to help us, she will give ussome suggestions.

3. While people admit pollution is very serious, few arewilling to take measures.

4. While it’s raining hard now, it will clear up anytime.

5. While it is true we need money badly, we cannot stealit.

Translation

X.

1. Little did she know that thispicture would one day be worth more than a million dollars.

2. While Iunderstand what you say, I don’t agree with you on the issue.

3. I think the police are meant to protect people.

4. I went to see him yesterday, only to find that he had gone abroad several days before.

5. At the weekly meeting, everyone must confine their remarks to the subject.

6. If only Ihadn’t said those silly words! I was too young then to distinguish right from wrong.

XI.

1. 五年前我几乎不会想到今天我会与这么多来自世界各地的学生坐在一起学习英语。

2. 虽然这些职位给你带来荣耀和权力,但是它也赋予你巨大的责任。

3. 从长远来看,粮食生产和人口增长之间的竞争难以轻易解决。

4. 有时我们发现,自己爬上了成功的阶梯,却发现阶梯靠在错误的墙壁上。(即:我们爬上去了,却发现不是自己真正追求的东西。)

5. 新计划的目的是让年轻人快速走上管理岗位。

6. 这个年轻人志向高远,非常希望能有所成就,让父母为他骄傲。

Cloze

XII.

1. C 2. B 3. C 4. A 5. C

6. B 7. D 8. B 9. A 10. A

11. C 12. C 13. A 14. D 15. D

16.B 17. A 18. D 19. C 20.A

Section B

II. 1. T  2. F  3. T 4. F5. T 6. F 7. F 8. F

III.

1. eliminate 2. displayed 3. implicit 4.promotion 5. motivated

6. prospect 7. constructed 8. civil   9.preference    10. absence

IV.

1. Correct form: in particular; synonym:especially/particularly

2. Correct form: in short; synonym: in brief

3. Correct form: are committed to; definition: promise todo (sth.)

4. Correct form: based … on; definition: use… as a basis

5. Correct form: By/In comparison; synonym: compared to

6. Correct form: at large; synonym: as a whole; ingeneral

7. Correct form: happy with; synonym: satisfied with

8. Correct form: associated with; synonym: connected with

9. Correct form: ground to a halt; definition: graduallystop

10. Correct form: protect… from; synonym: defend… from

Unit 9
Section A

III.

1.ambitious 2.sympathize 3.tender 4.considering 5.corruption 6.scattered 7.intermediate 8.corresponding 9.equivalent 10.deceived

IV.

1.to 2.around 3.to/with 4.up5.out 6.to 7.out 8.of 9.From 10.in

V.

1.J 2.M 3.F 4.L 5,A 6.O 7.G 8.D 9.I  10.C

Word Building

VI.

1. After working extra hours for several months, I have repaidthe money to the bank.

2. I didn’t enjoy the story at first, but I came to likeit when I reread it.

3. He replaced the book on the shelf when hefinished it.

4. She is slowly regaining he strength after theaccident.

5. The old city center was redesigned after thewar.

6. She was asked to reconsider her decision toleave the job.

7. After the disaster the government spent millions ofdollars helping the local people to reconstruct their homes.

8. The museum has such a fine set of old paintings thatit is worth revisiting.

VII.

1. dishonest 2. discouraged 3. displeased 4.discontinued

5. disappearing 6. discharged 7.disclosed 8. dislike

Sentence Structure

VIII.

1. I’ve made up my mind to marry him even if my motherobjects.

2. She has problems finding a job even if she gets aBachelor’s degree.

3. Even if you normally have good skin, some pats of theface may become dry during the winter.

4. The young man felt great sadness even if he did notfind the words to express it.

5. Even if you don’t watch music programs, you’veprobably heard his songs.

IX.

1. The clearer a goal is , the easier it is to decidewhether the goal is achievable.

2. The angrier I got, the less he said.

3. The larger the city is, the greater the increase inpopulation is.

4. The longer they stick to their goal, the greater thechances of success are.

5. The more expensive the restaurant is, the better thefood it serves.

Translation

X.

1. I am sure that I will make something of myself, eventhough I have not achieved any major success so far.

2. I have been working hard for so many years; I feel Iam entitled to a good future.

3. When her husband deserted her, leaving her withnothing but scattered pieces of life to pick up, she went insane.

4. From my standpoint, Mother was too hard on me then,without taking my feelings into account.

5. When I reached the summit of my professional career,mother's words "Never be a quitter in face of life" were constantlyin my mind.

6. You should know better than to play football in thestreet.

XI.

1. 詹姆士是个诚实的人,尽管我反对他这个人,我还是要这样说。

2. 组织越庞大,越难做出决定。

3. 是真英雄方能临危不惧。

4. 持有该票者能免费入场。

5. 在英国,他是第一个有意识的从事散文写作并且有所建树的人。

6. 失业半年后,她报名参加了烹饪班,希望能尽快找到工作。

Cloze

1.B 2.D 3.B 4.A 5.D

6.B 7.C 8.A 9.D 10.C

11.A 12.B 13.A 14.C 15.D

Structured Writing

Section B

I.  1.C 2.B 3.B 4,C

II. 1.D 2.B 3.C 4.B 5.D 6.C 7.D 8.A

III.

1.scope 2.integrate 3.regarding 4.guarantee 5.disabled 6.undertake 7.excluded 8.deserves 9.rarely 10.relevant

IV.

1. He is a man who prefers action to words.

2. The child was told time and time again not to go nearthe railway but he didn't seem to listen.

3. John studied hard before the examination and it paidoff. He made an A.

4. In the meantime, focus your attention on somethingthat you're really interested in and never quit.

5. With reference to the school uniform policy, therewere various thoughts and feelings among students.

6. Would you please look at my paper and give yoursuggestions about it?

7. I felt obliged to go over there to say sorry to him asI didn't want to hurt his feelings.

8. It only took about 30 minutes before the high schoolwas filled up with the survivors of the disaster.

9. He slipped and broke his leg. As a result, he willhave to be away from school for two or three months.

10. This newly invented device will help those people whotend to get themselves injured.

Unit10
Section A

III.

1.channels 2.rescued 3.royal 4.survival 5.crash 6.Whichever 7.punishment 8.cast 9.endured 10.surrender

IV.

1.over 2.in 3.in 4.on 5.under 6.on 7.down 8.for9.after 10.off

V.

1.O 2.H 3.M 4.J 5.K 6.G 7.C 8.A 9.F 10.E

Word Building

VI.

1. misreported 2.misprinted 3.misspells 4. misplaced 5.misunderstood 6. misusing/misuse 7. mistake 8. misled

VII.

1.broaden 2. irresponsible 3.protective 4.characterized 5. redoubling 6. fashionable 7. unfair 8.disobeys

Sentence Structure

VIII.

1. as though he wee the only person who scored over 90.

2. as though she had seen a ghost there

3. as though he were her own son

4. as though he were attending a party.

5. as though he knew everything.

IX.

1. You should wear whichever dress suits you best for theevening party.

2. You can settle down in whichever area you choose.

3. Whichever (of you) comes first will receive a gift.

4. All my books are here. You may borrow whichever youlike.

5. I have several spare rooms. Whichever you want isyours.

Translation

X.

1. I remember the whole thing clearly as though it hadhappened yesterday.

2. Whichever of them writes the best essay will win theprize.

3. It turned out that the budget provided for a salaryincrease one year later.

4. She did the same job day after day and year afteryear, but she never complained.

5. She endured all kinds of hardships on the journey;nothing could keep her from finding her lost daughter.

6. Don't get mixed up with that gang. They have committedmany bad things in broad daylight.

XI.

1.市民抢购瓶装水,就好像接下来几天饮用水可能会短缺似的。

2. 学会用最适合你自己的办法放松,是一种有助于健康的积极办法。

3. 在战役中,为数不多的战士们英勇抗敌,壮烈牺牲。

4. 他们奋战了4个多小时才将大火控制住,避免了危险的火势蔓延到整个小镇。

5. 他告诉她,不管遇到什么麻烦,她都永远有一位可依赖的朋友。

6. 银行可以贷款给一些小公司以防它们倒闭。

Cloze

XII.

1.B 2.D 3.A 4.A 5.C 6.C 7.A 8.B 9.C 10.A 11.D 12.A13.B 14.A 15.D

Structured Writing

Section B

II. 1.F 2.T 3.T 4.F 5.T 6.F 7.F 8.F

III.

1.expose 2.sectors 3.layout 4.dizzy 5.historical 6.exploded 7.heal 8.luxury 9.uneasy 10.swaying

IV.

1.wanting in 2.made for 3.break off 4.gaveway to 5.sank into 6.remained of 7.left his key to the doorbehind 8.was seized with fear 9.sank into 10.taken… in


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